The years 1810-1917 mark a time of independence and turmoil for the people of Mexico. Even before this time events were published in newspapers or broadsheets. Political satire influenced by European cartoons and caricatures became popular.
The broadsheets for the Day of the Dead were called calaveras or skulls. These publications had verses written from the viewpoint of the dead making fun of the living. Jose Guadalupe Posada is well known for the engravings he created for the broadsheets. He followed the traditions of Manuel Manilla and Vanegas Arroyo, post-revolutionary Mexican artists. Many other contributing artists kept their identities a secret in order to protect themselves during times of censorship.
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